It is all very well "if you drink with you drive"But did you ever have recommended that if you dream, do not get behind the wheel? The truth is that falling asleep while driving can be deadly, but few people would declare themselves guilty, not to mention the difficulty of recognizing and pursuing symptoms sleepiness unless they are obvious.

A study by the American Association of Highway Safety (GHSA), which represents road safety offices State, has highlighted the dangers of drowsy driving. 18 hours without sleep equivalent to 0.05% blood alcohol. In the United States, the legal limit is 0.08%: 21 hours without sleep.

Open your eyes

According to the study, 50% of the accidents are caused by drowsy drivers 25 down. This means that a chunk of the American population does not sleep the necessary hours (seven to eight) to maintain an adequate level of care at the wheel.

And there's more: a total of 328,000 accidents occur for this reason, of which 6,400 are fatal. These accidents often have specific characteristics: occur late at night, with a single vehicle lost control on a highway, and whose driver traveling alone. There are usually no evidence of braking and end up with serious injuries and even death.

Source: GHSA.

The increasingly rapid pace of life do not seem to mitigate this scourge. A study by the Centers for Disease Control and Disease Prevention found that more than a third of US adults have seven hours of sleep needed per day for a "optimal health".

Only Arkansas and New Jersey have enacted legislation on the matter, but it is difficult to implement a policy out: when a fatigued driver is stopped by police, adrenaline generally active and it does not seem to sleep.

One of the study's authors, Pam Fischer, says "it is difficult to prosecute, difficult to defend and difficult to implement unless the driver supports". The fact of not having a sleep meter breathalyzer style makes it very difficult to locate fatigue, unless it is identified at the time of starting to lurch.

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In Spain, Article 18 of the General Traffic Regulations specify:

  1. The driver of a vehicle must maintain their own freedom of movement, the required field of vision and permanent attention to driving, to ensure their own safety, the rest of the vehicle occupants and other users of the via. For this purpose, you must take special care to maintain the proper position and that keep the rest of the passengers, and proper placement of objects or animals transported for there is no interference between the driver and any of them (Article 11.2 of text articulated ).

Breaches of this provision shall be considered as serious as envisaged in Article 65.4.f) and g) of the articulated text of the Law on traffic, motor vehicle traffic and road safety.

remember that among the most serious infringements is reckless driving and increase by more than 50% driving times or minorar by more than 50% rest times laid down in legislation on land transport (Article 120). Infringements of the provisions of this rule are described as very serious.